“For where two or three are gathered mystical teachings of jesus in my name, there am I in the midst of them.” – Matthew 18:20… And gather the settlers did in Nebraska in the mid-19th Century. Missionaries and ministers were not far behind – someone had to minister to the spiritual needs of the new inhabitants. Many denominations were present, but the dominant three were the Methodists, the Catholics, and the Lutherans. Whether you are religious or not, church records may hold a fountain of information about your ancestors. This article explains how best to locate and utilize Nebraska church records for genealogy and lineage research resources.
Even as the explorers were defining the land that was to become Nebraska and the Great Plains, missionaries were setting out to save souls and minister to the needs of the people, including Native Americans, living there. It was not an easy task, but by the 1850s, a number of religious denominations were organizing and building churches. Church records are a good source of information for Nebraska genealogists.
Although almost all religions are present in Nebraska, the most common, during the time the state was being settled, were Methodist, Catholic, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Congregational, Episcopalian, and Baptist. There were many more denominations, but Methodist, Catholic and Lutheran were the dominant three in those early days.
Before immediately delving into church records, it might be a good idea to learn come history about the particular denomination you are researching. We’ll take a little closer look at the top three.
The Methodists had a number of varieties including: German Methodist Episcopal; Methodist Episcopal Church among the Swedish People of Nebraska; Methodist Episcopal; and Methodist Protestant. The first major consolidation came in 1939 when three branches merged to become The Methodist Church. In 1968, the denomination unified with Evangelical United Brethren (EUB) to become the United Methodist Church (UMC). Some of the EUB congregations, however, opted out of joining the UMC and remained Evangelical.
Through the first half of the 20th Century, many small towns in Nebraska had a Methodist Church. Ministers, then and now, are assigned rather than called. Methodists were not noted for their record keeping, with the quality varying from minister to minister. If the church is still active, that is where records will be found. If a church has closed or if information on a minister is sought, it should be in the archives on the lower level of the Cochrane-Woods Library at Wesleyan University in Lincoln.
In some areas of rural Nebraska, Catholicism is the predominant religion. A small town may have had a Catholic grade school, high school or hospital. Specific areas of Omaha are also predominantly Catholic. When researching Catholics, be aware that members of many congregations were of one nationality. If there were Polish, Czech, Irish, and Germans living in one area, each could have its own church. Priests are assigned to parishes, and records should be in good order. Nebraska genealogy researchers should check with the local Catholic church in regard to records. The Omaha Archdiocese office, might be able to help with older records or information about Omaha area churches.